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Strategies to Control Monilinia spp. in Stone Fruit

J. Usall

IRTA. Postcollita, Edifici fruitcentre, Parc Científic i Tecnològic Agroalimentari de Lleida (PCiTAL), 25003 Lleida. Catalonia

Monilinia spp. is the fungus that causes brown rot, the main disease of stone fruit worldwide. Its incidence depends on climate conditions; abundant rainfall during flowering and close to harvest time is particularly important. Infections mainly occur in the field, where losses may be significant, but the main economic problem is during the postharvest period, from the packinghouses to the consumers. The economic impact of brown rot is so high that it makes certain stone fruit varieties too expensive to grow in some areas. Control programs are wide-ranging and include specially the application of synthetic chemical compounds in the field, together with some cultural practices and, if authorized, postharvest chemical treatment. Nevertheless, in some weather conditions continue to cause significant economic loss. This fact, combined with the requirement for rational use of plant protection products, has encouraged research and development on alternative control methods: for instance, cultural practices such as field inoculum reduction or orchard aeration; postharvest physical treatment; and the use of field and postharvest disease prediction models. All of these shall be addressed during the presentation, with a particular emphasis on disease epidemiology in order to suggest a broad range of control possibilities according to farm characteristics; ultimately, each end-user needs to have the relevant information in order to determine the best control strategy on a case-by-case basis.

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In accordance with the Organic Law on the Protection of Personal Data 15/1999, of 13 December, Promotora de Exportaciones Catalanas SA (hereinafter PRODECA), whose address is Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 620, principal, 08007 Barcelona, with tax reg. no. NIF A58241316, declares that the images contained on the website www.smartfruitcongress.cat are included in a file belonging to PRODECA. The purpose of this file is the promotion, via its website, of the activities conducted by PRODECA – SmartfFruit IPM International Congress.

PRODECA guarantees that you may, at any time, exercise your right to access, rectify, cancel or oppose by writing to the aforesaid postal address, using the reference "PROTECCIÓN DE DATOS - SMARTFRUIT", or to the email address smartfruitcongress@smartfruitcongress.cat.

Specifically, to correctly exercise these rights you must clearly provide the following items in that communication:
- Name, surname(s) and photocopy of National Identity Document or Passport.
- Statement of the purpose of the request.
- Address for notification purposes.
PRODECA also declares that it reserves the right to delete from its website any content that it considers violates current and applicable legislation.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.