FEATURED INFORMATION

IPM strategies for citrus crops in Spain.

Dr. Juan Pons

PhD - Agronomic engineer AGROQUALIITY CONSULTING S.L.

In recent years, the trend toward using IPM in citrus crops in Spain has stabilized.Starting this season, the use of IPM will be required under current legislation, as set out in DIRECTIVE 2009/128/CE and transposed by RD 1311/2012, which establishes the legal framework for IPM in Spain. 

IPM strategies employed on citrus groves in Spain cover various aspects of the crop. Key pests: California red scale, mites, fruit flies, aphids, etc. Peak incidence periods: pest monitoring (population evolution, biological cycles) and natural enemies. Setting of intervention thresholds: Research Centers and Agricultural Warning Stations. Control methods: Genetic: tolerant rootstocks, resistant/sensitive varieties. Cultural: plantation design, farming practices (pruning, thinning), ground cover, irrigation, use of fertilizers, etc. Physical: picking and disposing of infested fruit, eliminating outbreaks (removing branches). Biological: maintaining beneficial fauna and introducing natural enemies. Mass trapping and biotechnological methods (introduction of sterile males) to control fruit fly. Chemical: Selection of products on the basis of efficacy, toxicity, effect on natural enemies; conditions for application: environmental (temperature, humidity, sun exposure) and technical inspections and machinery regulation (RD 1702/2011). 
The development of IPM techniques is increasingly important, due to the drop in profit margins for many citrus growers and the ensuing need to cut direct production costs as much as possible.

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PRODECA also reserves the right to delete from its website any content that it considers violates current and applicable legislation.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.

Data protection policy

In accordance with the Organic Law on the Protection of Personal Data 15/1999, of 13 December, Promotora de Exportaciones Catalanas SA (hereinafter PRODECA), whose address is Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 620, principal, 08007 Barcelona, with tax reg. no. NIF A58241316, declares that the images contained on the website www.smartfruitcongress.cat are included in a file belonging to PRODECA. The purpose of this file is the promotion, via its website, of the activities conducted by PRODECA – SmartfFruit IPM International Congress.

PRODECA guarantees that you may, at any time, exercise your right to access, rectify, cancel or oppose by writing to the aforesaid postal address, using the reference "PROTECCIÓN DE DATOS - SMARTFRUIT", or to the email address smartfruitcongress@smartfruitcongress.cat.

Specifically, to correctly exercise these rights you must clearly provide the following items in that communication:
- Name, surname(s) and photocopy of National Identity Document or Passport.
- Statement of the purpose of the request.
- Address for notification purposes.
PRODECA also declares that it reserves the right to delete from its website any content that it considers violates current and applicable legislation.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.