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Soil phytosanitary problems of horticultural crops

Francisco José González Zapater

Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia

Intensive land use in horticultural crops, with several repetitions of different crops on the same plot year after year, has forgotten many one of the fundamental tools treaties agriculture occasions, it is crop rotation, replaced by the systematic use of monoculture.

This degenerative practice of our soils, is favored by the market demands, specialization of companies and producers, as well as weather conditions that virtually compel this growing trend in order to have the most long-expected profitability economic.

The installation of catch crops, soil improvers or leave blank land during a campaign, numerous factors such as the supply as of the acquired contracts, viability when planting in other areas is conditional, requiring in the practice of managing a large area of ​​land, only in the hands of big business.

In the best long-awaited planned crop rotation just ahead of a campaign, repeated year after year which it means identical to programming After a monoculture.

Intensive land use in horticultural crops, with several repetitions of different crops on the same plot year after year, has forgotten many one of the fundamental tools treaties agriculture occasions, it is crop rotation, replaced by the systematic use of monoculture.

This degenerative practice of our soils, is favored by the market demands, specialization of companies and producers, as well as weather conditions that virtually compel this growing trend in order to have the most long-expected profitability economic.

The installation of catch crops, soil improvers or leave blank land during a campaign, numerous factors such as the supply as of the acquired contracts, viability when planting in other areas is conditional, requiring in the practice of managing a large area of ​​land, only in the hands of big business.

In the best long-awaited planned crop rotation just ahead of a campaign, repeated year after year which it means identical to programming After a monoculture.

This situation is occurring in the horticultural sector, the emergence of many problems of soil exhaustion and plant disease, primarily caused by fungi and nematodes, which may be in the not too distant future the main factor for the development of many horticultural crops.

This problem, at present mitigating comes mostly with performing pesticide treatments. Although the small number of registered disinfectants, reducing the dose per hectare estate of resistance, has led to the systematic use of the derogation provided for in Article 53 of Regulation 1107/2009 granting special permits for unregistered products.

In certain areas and favorable weather conditions to suit crop cycles, they have been implemented to a lesser extent solarization and bio-fumigation techniques, sometimes coupled with the use of grafted plant, representing an increase of production costs and sometimes lost productivity.

Because prospects do not provide an abundance of new chemical soil disinfectants formulated to help us improve the current situation, I understand the depth study of the health of our soils and rational management of them establishing good practices Agricultural handling thereof prove instrumental in growing availability of plots and ultimately the productivity of our horticulture.

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In accordance with the Organic Law on the Protection of Personal Data 15/1999, of 13 December, Promotora de Exportaciones Catalanas SA (hereinafter PRODECA), whose address is Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 620, principal, 08007 Barcelona, with tax reg. no. NIF A58241316, declares that the images contained on the website www.smartfruitcongress.cat are included in a file belonging to PRODECA. The purpose of this file is the promotion, via its website, of the activities conducted by PRODECA – SmartfFruit IPM International Congress.

PRODECA guarantees that you may, at any time, exercise your right to access, rectify, cancel or oppose by writing to the aforesaid postal address, using the reference "PROTECCIÓN DE DATOS - SMARTFRUIT", or to the email address smartfruitcongress@smartfruitcongress.cat.

Specifically, to correctly exercise these rights you must clearly provide the following items in that communication:
- Name, surname(s) and photocopy of National Identity Document or Passport.
- Statement of the purpose of the request.
- Address for notification purposes.
PRODECA also declares that it reserves the right to delete from its website any content that it considers violates current and applicable legislation.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.