FEATURED INFORMATION

Introduction of new viral diseases in Spain and the movement of plant material

Mª Isabel Font Sant Ambròs

Virology Group of the Mediterranean Agroforestry Institute, Polytechnic University of Valencia

Introduction of new viral diseases in Spain and the movement of plant material
Mª Isabel Font San Ambrosio
Virology Group of the Mediterranean Agroforestry Institute, 
Polytechnic University of Valencia
Phytopathogenic viruses cause significant economic losses in plant crops worldwide. Their control is a decisive factor throughout the entire crop cycle. As there are no curative control measures, control must be aimed at prevention. Plant viruses can be transmitted by vegetative propagation, seeds, vectors, pollen, mechanically, or by mere contact. Therefore, imports of virus-infected plants or plant material and plants with virus-carrying vectors from other countries may be a threat to our sector.
In Spain, the introduction of some of the viral diseases that have seriously damaged our main vegetable crops has been closely linked to imports of contaminated seeds or plant material from countries where those viruses were present. 
Council Directive 2000/29/EC sets out a list of quarantine pathogens in the European Union (EU). Spanish Royal Decree 58/2005 sets forth protective measures against the introduction into Spain and the EU of organisms harmful to plants or plant products, and against their spread within the EU, as well as protective measures for export and transport to third countries. Under this decree, plants and plant products must be issued with a plant passport, the aim of which is to ensure they are free from pests and diseases caused by viruses and other etiological agents specified by the law in force (Annexes IV and V of RD 58/2005).
However, even if plants or plant products (seeds, plant material for propagation, etc.) from other countries have a plant passport, they may contain other non-quarantine pathogens that could cause even greater damage to our crops, which is cause for concern in the sector.

Featured highlights

Legal notice

In accordance with the Organic Law on the Protection of Personal Data 15/1999, of 13 December, Promotora de Exportaciones Catalanas SA (hereinafter PRODECA), whose address is Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 620, principal, 08007 Barcelona, with tax reg. no. NIF A58241316, declares that the images contained on the website www.smartfruitcongress.cat are included in a file belonging to PRODECA. The purpose of this file is to promote the activities conducted by PRODECA – SmartFruit IPM International Congress via its website.

PRODECA guarantees that you may, at any time, exercise your right to access, rectify, cancel or oppose by writing to the aforesaid postal address, using the reference "PROTECCIÓN DE DATOS - SMARTFRUIT", or to the email address smartfruitcongress@smartfruitcongress.cat.

Specifically, to correctly exercise these rights you must clearly provide the following items in that communication:
- Name, surname(s) and photocopy of National Identity Document or Passport.
- Statement of the purpose of the request.
- Address for notification purposes.
PRODECA also reserves the right to delete from its website any content that it considers violates current and applicable legislation.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.

Data protection policy

In accordance with the Organic Law on the Protection of Personal Data 15/1999, of 13 December, Promotora de Exportaciones Catalanas SA (hereinafter PRODECA), whose address is Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 620, principal, 08007 Barcelona, with tax reg. no. NIF A58241316, declares that the images contained on the website www.smartfruitcongress.cat are included in a file belonging to PRODECA. The purpose of this file is the promotion, via its website, of the activities conducted by PRODECA – SmartfFruit IPM International Congress.

PRODECA guarantees that you may, at any time, exercise your right to access, rectify, cancel or oppose by writing to the aforesaid postal address, using the reference "PROTECCIÓN DE DATOS - SMARTFRUIT", or to the email address smartfruitcongress@smartfruitcongress.cat.

Specifically, to correctly exercise these rights you must clearly provide the following items in that communication:
- Name, surname(s) and photocopy of National Identity Document or Passport.
- Statement of the purpose of the request.
- Address for notification purposes.
PRODECA also declares that it reserves the right to delete from its website any content that it considers violates current and applicable legislation.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.