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Soil-borne fungal diseases of horticultural crops

Josep Armengol Fortí
Mediterranean Agroforestry Institute
Polytechnic University of Valencia

Soil-borne fungal diseases of horticultural crops. 

Josep Armengol Fortí
Mediterranean Agroforestry Institute
Polytechnic University of Valencia

Soil-borne fungal diseases significantly reduce horticultural crop production and quality, from the early stages in the nursery until harvesting. Horticultural crops are particularly at risk for these diseases due to the dynamics involved: continuous changes to plant material; ongoing innovations in cultivation methods; use of intensive production systems, and the reduced availability of plant protection products for disease control.
Because the biology and ecology of soil microflora are so complex, many factors related to soil-borne fungal diseases are not fully understood, and they are generally difficult to predict, detect and diagnose. 
Managing soil fungi is a constant challenge, as many fungi have specialised structures (sclerotia, chlamydospores, etc.) that allow them to survive in the soil for many years without the crop they affect. One crop may be susceptible to several different pathogens. Furthermore, simultaneous infections caused by differing fungal pathogens may occur, leading to a disease complex.
The most frequent diseases are those that affect the plant roots and neck, including diseases of horticultural nurseries, and vascular diseases caused by infections of the roots. However, in favourable environmental conditions, some soil fungi can also cause damage to the aerial part of horticultural crops.

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PRODECA guarantees that you may, at any time, exercise your right to access, rectify, cancel or oppose by writing to the aforesaid postal address, using the reference "PROTECCIÓN DE DATOS - SMARTFRUIT", or to the email address smartfruitcongress@smartfruitcongress.cat.

Specifically, to correctly exercise these rights you must clearly provide the following items in that communication:
- Name, surname(s) and photocopy of National Identity Document or Passport.
- Statement of the purpose of the request.
- Address for notification purposes.
PRODECA also declares that it reserves the right to delete from its website any content that it considers violates current and applicable legislation.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.